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About SPOA

The 2012 Survey on Public Opinions and Attitudes on Outdoor Recreation (SPOA) is a research element of the 2015 Statewide Comprehensive Outdoor Recreation Plan (SCORP). The SCORP is a planning document required every five years to maintain California's eligibility for the National Park Service's Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) assistance. LWCF provides pass-through funds for local agencies to acquire and develop outdoor recreation lands for the enjoyment of the public in perpetuity. The 2012 SPOA continues a process that has been in place for over 25 years, utilizing applied research to meet the LWCF requirement to evaluate outdoor recreation demand. Similar surveys were done in 1987, 1992, 1997, 2002, and 2008.

These people and organizations worked on the SPOA:

  • Researchers from the University of Utah, Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism, and the Recreation, Parks and Tourism Administration Department at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, developed the 2008 and 2012 surveys, in consultation with California State Parks staff. IntelliQ, a marketing research firm, administered the surveys.
  • Researchers from the University of Utah, Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism, and the Recreation, Parks and Tourism Administration Department at California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, did data analyses and interpretation, presentation of the findings, and the report writing.
  • GreenInfo Network built this online tool, working with IT staff at California State Parks, which hosts the tool. GreenInfo Network is a non-profit, tax-exempt organization that assists public interest groups and agencies in the use of a wide range of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and related information technologies.
  • California State Parks, National Park Service's Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) and the California State University Agriculture Research Initiative provided funding.