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Organization Title

Old Town San Diego State Historic Park

Park Information

Contact Information

(619) 220-5422

Park Hours

No Hours Listed

Driving Directions to Old Town San Diego SHP

The park is located on San Diego Avenue and Twiggs Street in San Diego.

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Camping and Lodging

Online reservations are not available for this park.

Upcoming Park Events

No events scheduled at this moment.

Summer Special Events

Special Event Calendar 2014
We're looking forward to full and festive year; click here to see this year's list of activities!

La Casa de Estudillo Project Updates:

An adobe that has seen, and reflects, the changes that have occurred in Old Town San Diego over time, the Casa de Estudillo has been receiving some long needed attention to both the building and its exhibits. Work on the building has included repairs to the adobe walls, rebuilding the cupola, repairs to doors and windows, and redoing the lime plaster on the outside of the building There is still funding to do some additional work including upgrading the electrical. The exhibits that were created for the courtyard area last year are part of a larger project to refurbish all of the exhibits.

The building was furnished in the 1970s by the San Diego Chapter of The National Society of the Colonial Dames of America. At that time, the goal for the furnishings was that they would be “representative of the family’s wealth and that period of time.”

After 40 years, it was time to revisit the history and attempt to make the museum more accessible and understandable to our current and future visitors. More research and scholarship have been done on that time in San Diego’s history. Museum philosophy, principles, and practices have evolved. The exhibit team want people to understand the changes to the building overtime and the people that were involved with its history—once the home of a leading Californio family, a restoration done by one of the leading pioneers in historic preservation, a famous tourist destination, and then a highly visited museum in a state historic park.

We will be taking a “behind the scenes” approach. In other words, the building will remain open so people will be able to observe the entire process. Come by and see what we are doing or follow us on Facebook. We will be posting updates as we go along. Click here for more information.

Park Information

Old Town San Diego State Historic Park presents the opportunity to experience the history of early San Diego by providing a connection to the past.

Staff in Mexican Period Attire
Learn about life in the Mexican and early American periods of 1821 to 1872.  Even today, life moves more slowly in this part of San Diego, where the hustle and bustle is balanced with history and fiestas.  Visitors are offered a glimpse into yesteryear, as converging cultures transformed San Diego from a Mexican pueblo to an American settlement.  The core of restored original historic buildings from the interpretive period are complemented by reconstructed sites, along with early twentieth century buildings designed in the same mode.  The Historic Plaza remains a gathering place for community events and historic activity.  Five original adobe buildings are part of the historic park, which includes museums, unique retail shops, and several restaurants.

La Casa de Estudillo
is a tradtional adobe home built around a garden courtyard.  La Casa de Machado y Stewart is full of artifacts that reflect ordinary life of the period.  Some of the other historic buildings include the Mason Street School (California's first public schoolhouse), La Casa de Machado y Silvas, the San Diego Union Printing Office (site of the city's oldest surviving newspaper office), and the first brick courthouse.  The Seeley Stables Museum, with newly rehabilitated exhibits on overland transportation, houses one of the finest wagon and carriage collections.

Visitors can experience a working blacksmith shop, enjoy music, see or touch the park's burros and engage in activities that represent early San Diego.

San Diego became California's first Spanish settlement when a mission and fort were established in 1769.

The park is located on San Diego Avenue and Twiggs Street in San Diego, and is conveniently adjacent to the Old Town Transit Center, with Coaster, Trolley, and MTS Bus service.
Old Town San Diego, CA Latitude/Longitude: 32.7542 / -117.1961

Robinson-Rose House Visitor Information Center

James Robinson came to San Diego from Texas in the Spring of 1850 and developed a successful law practice. He built this two-story structure in 1853 to serve not only as his family residence but also as the home of the San Diego Herald, the San Diego and Gila Railroad office, as well as other private offices. Robinson died in 1857 and his widow Sarah Robinson sold the building to Louis Rose, who probably purchased it as a family residence. Fire destroyed the roof in 1874 and the building fell into ruins by the turn of the century. The reconstructed building now serves as Old Town State Historic Park's visitor center and has on display a model of Old Town as it looked in 1872, created by Joseph Toigo.

Seeley Stables

In the mid-1800s, Albert Lewis Seeley moved from Los Angeles to Old Town San Diego to establish a stage line from San Diego to Los Angeles. Seeley bought the former Juan Bandini residence, which he renovated and turned into the Cosmopolitan Hotel. Next door to his new hotel, Seeley built a stable to accommodate the horses and store the stagecoaches used for his stage runs. This building was eventually torn down, but due to its history it was reconstructed in 1974 by California State Parks to house the Roscoe E. "Pappy" Hazard Collection of wagons, carriages, coaches, and Western memorabilia. The artifacts, which are spread throughout the stables and adjoining sheds, show the evolution of land transportation throughout San Diego and Southern California "From Carreta to Carriage."

Hazard Collection Information

McCoy House Museum

McCoy House
In March 2000, the California Department of Parks and Recreation (DPR) completed construction of the Old Town San Diego State Historic Park Entry Redevelopment project, which included extensive landscaping and reconstruction of the McCoy House. State Park archaeologists excavated in Old Town San Diego in 1995 to recover information needed to reconstruct a large residence built in 1869 by James McCoy, a well-to-do Irish immigrant who served as San Diego’s sheriff and state senator. Prior to 1851 the property belonged to Maria Eugenia Silvas, descendant of a Spanish Colonial soldier who came to Alta California in the 1770s.

Children in Nature Campaign

Discover California's Past as part of the Children's Outdoor Bill of Rights.

Brief History & Walking Tour Guide

Guide Book Cover

A new guide book, revised and updated!
Available at the Visitor Information Center.

The Cosmopolitan Hotel Restored

A Tribute to Skilled Labor
Victor A. Walsh, State Park Historian

When Albert Seeley built the Cosmopolitan Hotel in 1869, faux finishes were extremely popular and in high demand. Many techniques were refined and many materials were developed to help skilled crafts people make common or inexpensive building materials look more elegant or expensive. Wooden panels were often painted to look like fine marble, soft or inexpensive woods refinished to look like prized hardwood.

Faux finishes continued to be popular until the demand for sleek, modern, mass-produced, pre-fabricated goods dominated the market. Even with the renewed interest in the techniques and crafts of the past, there are few people who are skilled in them today.

The first floor of the Cosmopolitan Hotel was constructed of adobe, sun baked clay blocks that were finished to look like mortared stone! How do you make adobe blocks resemble mortared stone?

Three coats of lime plaster are used to finish the walls on the first floor. Lime is used because it allows the thick adobe walls to “breathe.” Unlike cement or paint, it does not trap moisture inside the walls.

To apply the third and final coat, the walls must be wetted down with water; rubbed free of all cracks, and then smoothed and leveled. Plaster is usually mixed at a ratio of 2½ parts washed sand to 1 part lime putty.

The finish coat must be thinly applied — no more than ⅛” thick. Masons traditionally used cork-faced wood floats to enhance smoothness, and long, two-handled wood floats, called a darby, to level the finish coat. They used a straightedge and sharp-pointed awl to line the simulated mortar joints in the plaster while it dried.

Popular taste has changed over the years but the craft has changed little since these adobe walls were first scored in 1873 to resemble a “stone front.”